139 Social dwellings in Las Retamas, Madrid

site plan | southeast elevation | southwest elevation | longitudinal section
ground floor plan | standard floor plan | top floor plan

139 Social dwellings in Las Retamas, Madrid

The economy, an essential aspect in social housing, is related to repetition. Therefore, the typological and constructive system of the project is based on this principle. The project is made out of a number of pragmatic, efficient and hygienic blocks that create semi-open protected spaces that contain the 139 dwelling units. The central garden is the heart of the project, although it is partially open to the exterior, gaining outside views.

The southeastern side of the block, due to its higher density, allows to create a more iconic volume that gives a very clear identity to the block. This sculptural piece is located parallel to the railways with views to the historical center of Alcorcón.

A very small social house is not a reduced version of a larger house. Its dimensions require a new typology, clearly different from the standard social house. The users, young residents, and their economic relation with the building owner (lease with a purchase option) determine and modify the standard criteria in social housing. Flexible housing units are designed with sliding panels, minimum circulation spaces, concentrating the maximum area available in the living spaces, visually connected to the kitchen units.

Location Alcorcón, Madrid
Client Inmobiliaria Espacio / Caja Madrid
Architects Francisco Burgos, Ginés Garrido
Design team Agustín Martín, Raquel Marugán, Beatriz Amann, Almudena Carro, Rebeca Caso, Pilar Recio, Alberto López, Héctor Pérez
Structure Juan Carlos Salvá
Technical facilities Esdicain Ingeniería, s.l.
National competition First prize
Completion date 2011